Obesity is one of the diseases of the affluent world. It is indeed a silent killer. Obesity has been linked to diabetes, heart disease, strokes and hypertension. Obesity has been called as a pandemic as it tends to affect millions of individuals across the globe.
Are you obese? Are you overweight? What are these terms? How does one find out?
A simple calculation can tell us what type of pattern we fit into. This is called as the BMI or the Body Mass Index. This ratio is got by dividing your weight in Kilos by your height in meters squared. For example if you weigh 90 kilos and your height is 1.8 meters, then your BMI is 90/(1.8)(1.8) = 27.78 Kg/Sg.m.
<17.9: Underweight. 18 - 24.9: Normal. 25 - 29.9: Overweight. 30 - 34.9: Grade I obesity.
GSK’s drug for diabetes Avandia (Rosiglitazone) has come under the scanner after reports that the drug increases the risk of Osteoporosis has been confirmed.
Rosiglitazone belongs to a class of drugs called as Thiazolidinediones (aka PPAR Gamma activators) and the other drug in this class is Pioglitazone. It has been a useful drug in the management of Type II Diabetes and it works by increasing the sensitivity of the body cells to circulating Insulin.
Cardiac diseases are on the rise and this can be attributed to the increasing affluence amongst the people all over the world. Hitherto not much attention was paid to a combination of diseases collectively called as The Metabolic Syndrome or the Syndrome X. More and more researchers and doctors have now understood the importance of this entity.
So what exactly is the metabolic syndrome? A person is diagnosed to have the metabolic syndrome if he or she has the following conditions:
4. Insulin resistance (Diabetes).