In case of housewife who holds a job outside the gets paid for the job she holds, her position as far as house work id concerned, remains the same. The quantum of her work is barely reduced, though there is a slight improvement in status because of her remunerative work outside the home. Perhaps, this is one of the major reasons responsible for the dwelling number of women who keep themselves confined to housework. They prefer to branch out into the market and find an economic identity for themselves.
Modernization theorists admit that gender remains a key dimension of the economic division of labour. Gender also remains the primary criterion for allocation of social roles. Unfortunately gender has ascribed characteristics though social conditioning. Again, there is self-contradiction inherent in the argument put forth by the modernization theorists. They say that women are free to enter and remain in the market place through remunerated jobs, though cultural norms in most societies define the household as the primary sphere of a woman’s life. But the gender role definition of the woman’s role as housewife and mother itself restricts the occupational choices of women. Another limiting factor is the predetermined, socially-conditioned role of men which associate a man’s masculinity with his ability to provide for his family, his wife along with his children. This attitude leads to some men to try to restrict their wives to remain within their homes and not take up job outside.