SNAKE BITE-THE FIRST HOUR
Snake-bite causes death of more than 100,000 people across the globe annually. Of more than 3000 known species of snakes, only 10% are venomous. Death due to snake-bite is common in all most continents. But, surprisingly, the figures in Europe is, on an average, one death for every 3-5 years!!!
On encountering a case of snake-bite, one should find with certainty that the person has been bitten by a poisonous snake. If there are no distinct fang marks and if local pain, swelling, numbness or weakness does not appear within 20 minutes, it is unlikely to be caused by a poisonous snake.
FIRST AID:- Before moving the victim .to hospital following steps must be taken:
ï® Reassuring and calming the victim,
ï® Complete rest and immobilization of the affected part,
ï® If anatomically feasible a tourniquet should be applied a few centimeters above the bite,
ï® Unless the victim can be moved to the hospital within 15 minutes, incision and suction of the wound should be started,
ï® 1 centimeter linear incision and about 0.5 cm. deep should be made through each fang mark.
ï® Suction should be done with a rubber bulb. Mouth suction should be attempted only if no tools to suck are available. That too after making sure that there are no mouth lesions (like ulcers).
ï® After splintering the affected limb, the victim should be shifted to the hospital at the earliest. Time is of essence.
Prevention: In regions infested by snakes, long trousers, high shoes or boots and gloves should be worn.
MOST IMPORTANT OF ALL IS TO LOOK WHERE ONE STEPS OR REACHES.