Unemployment means the state of being without any opportunity of earning one’s livelihood. Unemployment now is a major problem in underdeveloped countries . Previously there was not much of unemployment . The people lived in villages where they met their simple wants by agriculture or cottage industries . But industrial civilization brought about a change in the situation . It introduced machines and aggravated the situation . The craze for sophistication and efficiency has spread round the world. Computers and robots have already been introduced in many industrial countries . These are also responsible for growing unemployment . No Doubt , this industrial civilization has increased our wants and opened up many opportunities for employment . But , still this increase in scope for employment has not been able to absorb the men discharged . The rapid increase of population has worsened the situation . That is why the problem of unemployment has been getting more acute every year.
The evil effects of unemployment are not confined to the economic field only . It destroys the sense of moral values and leads to undesirable activities arising out of a feeling of despair and demoralization. A society, so infected, can never prosper in the world . This is why every civilized government looks upon removal of unemployment as one of and big industries in the public and private sector have been taken up . Cottage and small scale industries have been encouraged . All these have still unemployment remains a big issue . And the rapid increase in population has been adding to the difficulty of the situation .This has to be tackled by family planning.
Cottage industry is perhaps the only solution to this problem in our country . By this the villages would be more or less self-sufficient and every man would do some work and earn his food clothing thereby.