Status of women-Reality 8

One of the persisting feature of the Indian society has been the explicit division of labour based on gender and age. Ideologically males are viewed as producers who provide material needs of their women and children, women on the other hand are treated as consumers whose role is of a housekeeper in the household and perform socially defined roles sometime participating in gainful activity of the community.

It is now a stark reality that well being of a nation depends upon the involvement of the women folk into the different activities of the society. The major indication of a progressive society is thus giving status and role to largely contribute to almost half of the population at the global level. Socially, culturally, politically, economically, and administrative spear women are in inferior position to men. Indian society today is passing through a phase of transition. Needless to say that alongside the changes in various aspects of society and culture, changes have also come about in the position of women.

In the last three or four decades several factors for example educational, economic, legal have coalesced, enabling women, in particular to enter the labor force. Such a shift in the patterns of employment of a small proportion of women, especially married women has drawn the attention of the social scientists, some of whom perceive it as the beginning of a profound change in the status of women as well as in marital and family structure.

The emergence of employment opportunities has encouraged many women to seek paid job outside home. And yet such opportunities have come to them with mixed blessings. Many such wives face dilemmas, because their occupational pursuits contradict their domestic obligations. There is and unconscious fear among all including women themselves that to alter the traditional arrangements might change or even destroy the family and feminity. Despite their equal status with men in the eyes of the law, cultural and religious values exhort the, to be dependent on men. The process of social change is ambiguous and offers women conflicting signals. Consequently, the decision women make to seek an occupation is depend upon their ability to cope with dual responsibilities, domestic and occupational and to negotiate with their family by making arrangements to satisfies the later. Such choices as well as negotiations occur in social and cultural contexts which are heavily staked against women.