COMPOSITION OF RACE OF INDIAN SOCIETY 1

Some Years Back When NEHRU”S “DISCOVERY OF INDIA WAS TELECASTED IN DD-1 ,I JUST ENJOYED THAT AND I THOUGHT OF INDIA WHAT A COUNTRY WHAT A MIX OF RACES HERE. THE POPULATION OF INDIA IS POLYGENITIC AND IS A MIXTURE OF VARIOUS TYPES OF RACES.IT MEANS A PARTICULAR TYPE OF “BREED” OR HEREDITARY GROUPINGS”.MANY SOCIOLOGISTS AS WELL AS BIOLOGISTS GIVE ATTENTION TO THE CONCEPT OF RACE AS IT IS BOTH BIOLOGICAL AND RACIAL.VARIOUS RACES BRING A GREAT DEAL OF IMPACT ON INDIAN SOCIETY. TO HAVE A THROUGH KNOWLEDGE ABOUT VARIOUS TYPES OF RACIAL DIVISION WE MUST HAVE TO STUDY THE DEFINITIONS AND CLASSIFICATION OF HERBERT RISLEY AND DR B.S GUHA. HERBERT RISLEY HAS CLASSIFIED THE PEOPLE OF INDIA INTO SEVEN RACIAL TYPES WHICH ARE AS FOLLOWING:
1.TURKO IRANIAN TYPE
ACCORDING TO RISLEY THIS TYPE IS THE MOST BASIC ELEMENTS OF RACIAL TYPES IN INDIAN POPULATION.PEOPLE OF THIS TYPE ARE FOUND IN BELUCHISTAN AND AFGANISTAN WHICH IS NOT IN INDIA.
2-INDO ARYAN TYPE
THIS TYPE IS THE 2ND RACIAL CATEGORY OF INDIAN SOCIETY,MAINLY RAJASTAN,EAST PUNJAB AND KASHMIR COMES TO THIS CATEGORY.THE PEOPLE BELONGING TO RAJPUT,KHATRI,AND JATS BELONG TO THIS TYPE.
3-SCYTHO-DRAVIDIAN TYPE
ACCORDING TO RISLEY THE SCYTHO-DRAVIDIAN TYPE IS COMPOSED OF TWO TYPES OF RACES.ONE IS SCYTHIANS AND ANOTHER ONE IS DRAVIDIANS.THIS IS THE MIXTURE CONSTITUTE SCYTHO-DRAVIDIANS.THEY ARE FOUND IN HILLY AREAS OF MADHYA PRADSH,COORGE AND SAURASHTRA 4-ARYO DRAVIDIAN TYPE
MIXED SOCIAL TYPE OF ARYAN AND DRAVIDIAN RACIAL ELEMENTS.THEY ARE FOUND IN UP AND BIHAR,BRAHMINS WHO R GIVEN THE TOP MOST POSITION IN CASTE HIERARCHY AND OTHERS CONSIDER THEMSELVES AS ARYANS WHERE AS THE LOWER CASTE PEOPLE WH R GIVEN THE LOWEST POSITIONIN CASTE SYSTEM
5-MONGOLO-DRAVIDIAN TYPE
THIS IS ANOTHER IMP TYPE OF ELEMENT OF INDIAN POPULATION.BRAHMINS AND KAYASTHAS OF BENGAL AND ORISSA BELONG TO THIS CATEGORY
6-MANGOLOID TYPE
NORTH EAST TRIBES AND ASSAM PEOPLE COMES IN THIS CATEGORY
7-DRAVIDIAN TYPE
ALL SOUTHINDIAN STATES

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